Stone quarries were the leading industry in Montgomery County Ohio in the mid to late 1800's.
In 1914 state geologist J. A. Bownocker published a book titled Building Stones of
The Bownocker book says the largest quarry in the
Burba lists many quarry owners. Among them he mentions John and Allen Fauver who ran the Wade quarries. He says they began to cut the stone. In earlier times Burba explains fire was built under the rock and thus cracked with the heat.
Stone from the local quarries was used to build many local buildings: several church buildings, the old
Canal building increased the demand for stone since it was needed for the building of the locks.
New quarries were then opened in
Only one road led to the quarries and transportation was a problem. To solve this dilemma a type of "railroad" was built from the quarries to the new canal. The rails of this railroad were made of tough hickory and the flat-bed cars that ran on it had grooved wheels to fit the rails. Gravity pulled the cars down the slopes and teams of horses were used to tow them across the flat areas. A stone yard was created between
According to Burba, in order to give a smooth or polished surface to the rough stone, stone cutting and dressing was introduced in 1836 by James L. Wuichet from
Thursday, September 23, 2010
Tuesday, September 7, 2010
Amanda Stokes, born in 1820 and raised on a farm near Waynesville, overcame personal tragedy and grief by serving those in need.
Stokes' fiancée was killed during the Civil War. She responded to this loss by selling her wedding trousseau and other personal items and raising about a thousand dollars. After serving in local hospitals, she volunteered to be a nurse for the Northern Army. Her parents, Ellis and Hannah Morgan Stokes, other relatives, and friends discouraged her choice. She persisted.
Accepted by the army, she served at
Hazel Spencer Phillips, an employee of the
While working at the
By the end of the war Stokes had spent most of her funds and had difficulty obtaining a pension. The loss of her papers contributed to the problem. In 1878, due in part to the efforts of "her boys", Stokes was appointed a matron at the Ohio Sailors' and Soldiers' Orphans' Home in
Finally, Stokes received a small pension, thanks to the persistent efforts of several citizens of
Stokes died on March 25th, 1885. Her services were conducted at the