Stone quarries were the leading industry in Montgomery County Ohio in the mid to late 1800's.
In 1914 state geologist J. A. Bownocker published a book titled Building Stones of
The Bownocker book says the largest quarry in the
Burba lists many quarry owners. Among them he mentions John and Allen Fauver who ran the Wade quarries. He says they began to cut the stone. In earlier times Burba explains fire was built under the rock and thus cracked with the heat.
Stone from the local quarries was used to build many local buildings: several church buildings, the old
Canal building increased the demand for stone since it was needed for the building of the locks.
New quarries were then opened in
Only one road led to the quarries and transportation was a problem. To solve this dilemma a type of "railroad" was built from the quarries to the new canal. The rails of this railroad were made of tough hickory and the flat-bed cars that ran on it had grooved wheels to fit the rails. Gravity pulled the cars down the slopes and teams of horses were used to tow them across the flat areas. A stone yard was created between
According to Burba, in order to give a smooth or polished surface to the rough stone, stone cutting and dressing was introduced in 1836 by James L. Wuichet from